Ｒesearch on Urban and Ｒural Greenspace Fragmentation and Its Enlightenment : A Case Study of Haidian District，Beijing2018.02.27王越,林箐.中国城市林业,2018(02)
This study interpreted the satellite images and extracted the data on urban and rural greenspace type of Haidian District，and included the accessory greenspace into the scope of the study. By using landscape pattern indices and radiation buffer gradient analysis of central city area，the urban and rural greenspace landscape fragmentation was analyzed on both levels of urban and rural greenspace classification and the fragmentation of green space landscapes in different urban spaces. The fragmentation characteristics of different greenspace types were also analyzed in terms of patch size，shape and landscape heterogeneity，and the greenspace fragmentation gradient change rule was concluded by setting the radiation buffer gradient. In the end，the causes of greenspace fragmentation in central city area，urban fringe and suburban areas were compared and analyzed，and the corresponding integrated strategy was put forward，in order to provide certain references for the rational utilization and development of urban and rural green space.
Methods and Enlightenment of Rural Comprehensive Planning in Bavaria, Germany2018.02.21王长悦,林箐.北京规划建设,2018(02)
Since the 1960s, Bavaria German began a comprehensive rural development, and has made a lot of progress. The rural comprehensive planning，which is based on "Land Consolidation Law" and other legal basis，has formed a multi-level administrative system of regional planning associations, public corporations for purpose and community associations. Public participation in the planning program formulation, review and implementation, and ultimately ensure that the planning program can be fully realized.The development of planning including land consolidation, protection of the natural environment, the construction of infrastructure，and supervised by the management department and eventually implemented by the public. This paper studies the case of Weyen in Bavaria and summarizes the experience of German rural planning, with a view to the planning and development of China's rural areas.
The Development of the Ecological Ideologies and Their Influences on Landscape Architecture2018.01.24刘京一,林箐,李娜亭.风景园林,2018(01)
From the mid-19th century to the 1960s, ecology had viewed organism and the environment as a whole, which had been implicated in some theories and practice of landscape architecture; in the 1960s-1970s, some scholars introduced the “equilibrium paradigm” of ecology into landscape architecture, and “ecological determinism” featuring nature first and scientific positivism had been formed; in the 1980-1990s, ecology had experienced a paradigm shift toward complexity, planning and design based on landscape ecology began to emphasize dynamic landscape configurations and the integration of science and art; since the late 20th century, there has been a trend viewing “ecology” as a metaphor for complex systems, giving rise to the theory and practice of ecological urbanism. Today, the ecological ideologies in landscape architecture have different levels, and they are also embodied comprehensively in practice.
To Ristitch the City, the Transport Infrastructure Renewal Aimed at Recasting the Urban Spaces2017.10.20林箐.风景园林,2017(10)
Rapid transit facilities are important infrastructure of modern metropolis. While bringing convenient transportation, they destroyed the city landscape and the urban scale, tore apart the city, fragmented the urban space and urban function, brought about a lot of environmental, economic and social problems. Since the 1970s, a lot of researches and practices have been conducted in many cities, which tried to eliminate or reduce the division of urban space, functions and ecology system caused by rapid transit facilities through the renewal of transport infrastructure. These experiences have reference significance to Chinese cities represented by Beijing.
The Transformation of Planning Ideas and the Exploration of Planning Methods of Urban Green Space Ecological Network Based on MSPA2017.05.11王越,林箐.中国园林,2017(05)
This article starts with recent research on ecological network, summarizing ways to identify ecological sources, establish ecological network, evaluate and optimize ecological network in recent years, realizing that the status quo of ecological network planning has the problem of strong subjectivity in extracting the ecological sources, ignorance of structural landscape elements, limitations existed in landscape connectivity analysis and the establishment of surface resistance based on unscientific basis. The ecological network planning based on MSPA and minimum path is a combination of the methods of identifying the structural landscape elements, connectivity analysis and potential corridor network building, taking the level of connectivity as the main basis, and providing scientific solutions to problems on landscape pattern analysis, identification of ecological source, extraction of structural corridor, the analysis of importance level of plaques and corridors and the construction of resistance surface. This article puts forward the research direction of ecological network planning based on MSPA, including the study of MSPA sensitivity for scale issue, significance of edge width setting to ecological network planning of different species, spatial-temporal changes of landscape structure pattern based on MSPA and connectivity analysis, guidance for ecological construction and operability study of different kinds of greenspace ecological network planning based on MSPA, in order to provide new ideas for consummating and improving ecological network construction based on MSPA in the future.